National Centre for Petroleum Research & Development

NATIONAL CENTRE FOR PETROLEUM RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (NCPRD) RESEARCH FOCUS/GROUPS

INTRODUCTION
The National Centre for Petroleum Research and Development (NCPRD) is one of the three (3) Energy Research Centers established by the Federal Government of Nigeria at the instance of the Energy Commission of Nigeria (ECN) on 28th July, 2008. The Centre is located in the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi and is being funded presently by the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology through the ECN.
The administrative structure of the Centre consists of a Governing Board, Technical Advisory Committee, Director, an Administrative Secretary and Finance Officer. The Director is the Chief Research/Academic/Administrative, as well as Accounting Officer of the Centre. The Vice Chancellor of the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi is the Chairman of the Governing Board.
The Centre has the responsibility of organizing and conducting research and development (R & D) on all aspects of fossil fuels (particularly oil and gas) and their technologies with specific focus on:

  1. Research into exploration and exploitation of petroleum and other fossil fuel resources
  2. Research into environmental problems associated with exploitation, transportation and utilization of petroleum and other fossil fuel resources
  3. Research into fuel petroleum products and their fossil fuels demand and supply
  4. Research into equipment development for petroleum and other fossil fuel exploration and exploitation
  5. Training high level manpower in petroleum and other fossil fuel technologies (including Clean Coal Technology)
  6. Research collaboration with similar institutions and organizations in Nigeria and Overseas
  7. Providing advisory and research facilities to government, public and private stakeholders in the petroleum and other fossil fuel industries/businesses
  8. Dissemination of R & D results through seminars, conferences, publications, etc.

PETROLEUM RESOURCES
Petroleum (oil and gas) is a major energy resource worldwide and according to the International Energy Agency (IEA) it accounts for more than 50% world energy supply since 1971 to date and is expected to maintain this lead in decades to come. In Nigerian context petroleum accounts for over 90% of her foreign earnings and is particularly very important contributor of energy to its power generation sector. Unfortunately however, petroleum resources are non-renewable. The oil and gas reserves in the Niger Delta (the only sedimentary basin in Nigeria from which petroleum is exploited) are expected to last for another 25 to 30 years. Therefore the need to intensify petroleum exploration in frontier basins of Nigeria (the Benue, Chad, Mid-Niger, Sokoto, Dahomey and Anambra Basins, and the Offshore Niger Delta) and the Onshore Niger Delta itself, and need to evolve new technologies for exploration and optimum recovery is very necessary for future economic growth of the country. This particularly informs the wisdom for the establishment of the NCPRD by the ECN.
Petroleum discovery in a basin requires fundamentally three (3) essential elements (i.e. source rock, reservoir rock and seal rock) as well as four (4) processes (i.e. trap formation, generation, migration and accumulation of petroleum). Therefore research focus of the Centre on petroleum resource exploration should be guided by these elements and processes.

OTHER FOSSIL FUEL RESOURCES
Associated with petroleum in terms of origin (i.e. origin from prehistoric organic matter) are other fossil fuel resources that include coal and tar sands. These resources are also abundant in Nigeria with coal being widely distributed in many states of the Federation.
Coal accounts for 27% of world’s primary energy demand in the year 2007 and its consumption is expected to rise to 29% by 2030 according to the IEA report of 2009. Prospect of coal to generate electricity based on the ECN National Electricity Supply Projections (optimistic growth scenario) is estimated at 53,900MW in 2030, being less to only gas which is estimated at 180,150MW. Apart from electricity generation, coal is also vital in steel industry, as combustible material (fuel) in cement industries, production of synthetic fuel using CTL (Coal to Liquids) and CBM (Coal Bed Methane) technologies and also for domestic uses as coal briquettes.
Tar sands on the other hand are restricted to the Dahomey Basin in southwestern Nigeria, occurring in a belt of about 5-8km wide and a length of up to 120km. Tar sands are source of asphaltic material (Bitumen) for road construction, as well as energy raw material from which synthetic crude oil is produced. Therefore R & D into exploration and exploration/exploitation technologies for these fossil fuel resources will contribute positively to the development of the Nigeria’s energy mix.

FOSSIL FUELS AND ENVIRONMENT
Burning of fossil fuels releases various types of Green House Gases (GHGs) such as CO2, CO, methane, nitrous oxide, etc that cause Global Warming. Evidence suggests that since the middle of the nineteenth century, there have been at least 25% increase in CO2 content in the atmosphere, most of which is from the burning of fossil fuels across the globe. Combustion of fossil fuels not only gives out the GHGs but also releases many harmful acidic substances such as carbonic and sulfuric acids which cause air pollution and acid rain that negatively affects soil, plant life and surface/underground water bodies. Exploitation (extraction) of fossil fuels also causes damage to the land surface. Environmental hazards related to fossil fuels utilization are numerous. Despite its environmental consequences however, it will continue to dominate other energy sources in some decades to come as indicated earlier. Therefore this calls for the need to efficiently improve fossil fuels extraction and utilization, as well as the need to develop new “clean coal” technologies (e.g. carbon capture and storage). At the moment clean coal technology is associated with major technical challenges that need to be solved through R & D.

 

RESEARCH GROUPINGS
It is against the above background that the Research Committee of the Centre decided to set up the research groups below. These groups are however not mutually (self) exclusive.
It is expected that each of the Research Groups will develop in earnest research proposals vis-à-vis the mandate of the Centre and summit same to the Research Committee for adoption as research focus of the NCPRD.

BIOSTRATIGRAHY/SOURCE ROCKS (ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY & ORGANIC PETROGRAPHY) RESEARCH GROUP

Dr. M. B. Abubakar (Group Leader) – Petrol. Geol. (Biostrat. & Org. Geochem.)
Dr. Aliyu Jauro – Industrial Chemist (Coal Geochemist, Biofuels)
Mal. Isa M. Tahir – Petroleum Geologist
Mal. Isa Goro – Petroleum Geologist (Ph.D Student)

RESERVOIR GEOLOGY/RESERVOIR ENGINEERING RESEARCH GROUP

Prof. E. F. C. Dike (Director)
Dr. N. K. Samaila (Group Leader) – Petroleum Geologist (Reservoir Geologist)
Mal. A. S. Maigari – Petroleum Geologist (Reservoir Geologist)
Mal. Timothy Bata – Petroleum Geologist (Reservoir Heterogeneity)
Mal. Amadu Tukur – Petroleum Geologist (Reservoir Geologist)
Engr. Fatima Zahra Zanna – Petroleum Engineer (Reservoir Mechanics)

COAL/TAR SAND (EXPLORATION/TECHNOLOGY) RESEARCH GROUP

Dr. Aliyu Jauro (Group Leader)
Dr. M. B. Abubakar
Dr. (Engr.) Odey A. Osha – Chemical Engineer (Chemical Processes)
Dr. (Engr.) Habu Dandakota – Mechanical Engineer (Mechanical Processes)
Engr. Abubakar Ali Fachway – Mechanical Engineer (Mechanical Processes)
Mal. Amadu Tukur

STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY/EXPLORATION GEOPHYSICS RESEARCH GROUP

Prof. O. K. Likkason (Group Leader) – Physicist (Exploration Geophysics)
Mal. Ahmad Isah Haruna – Geologist (Geologic Structures)
Mal. Timothy Bata
Mal. Dieter Bassi – Geologist (Geologic Structures)
Mal. Abdurrahman A. Inagi – Physicist (Exploration Geophysics)
Mal. Ahmad D. Shehu – Physicist (Exploration Geophysics)
Mal. M. Bello – Physicist (Exploration Geophysics)

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH GROUP

(a) Environmental Monitoring and Remediation

Dr. (Engr.) Surajuddeen Abdussalam (Group Leader) – Chem. Engr. (Bioremediation)
Dr. M. B. Abdullahi – Biologist (Biodiversity)
Dr. Abdullahi Sarki – Microbial Veterinary (Bioremediation)
Mal. L. B. Musa – Biologist (Biomonitoring)
Mal. A. J. Nayaya – Biologist (Biodiversity)
Mal. A. F. Umar – Biologist (Bioremediation)
Mal. Istifanus Chindo – Chemist (Water Quality Assessment)

(b) Biofuels and Clean Coal Technologies

Engr. Idris Misau (Group Leader) – Mechanical Engineer (Biofuels)
Dr. Aliyu Jauro
Mal. Isa M. Tahir

FOSSIL FUELS PRODUCTS DEMAND/SUPPLY RESEARCH GROUP

Research personnel yet to be identified

FOSSIL FUELS EQUIPMENT DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH GROUP

Research personnel yet to be identified